is the difference between criminal profiling and
Criminal profiling is a legitimate tool in the fight
against crime. It is an investigative method in
which an Officer, through observation of activities
and environment, identifies suspicious behavior by
individuals and develops a legal basis, consistent
with the Fourth Amendment, to detain and question.
Bias-based profiling refers to a decision by an
Officer to stop, detain, interdict, or search an
individual based on race, color, gender, ethnicity,
religion, age, sexual orientation, or national
It is the policy of the Auburndale Police
Department to prohibit bias-based profiling in all
Police-initiated actions. These include all
investigative detentions, field contacts, traffic
contacts, arrests, searches, asset seizures and
forfeiture efforts. An Officer's actions will be
based on a standard of reasonable suspicion or
probable cause as required by the Fourth Amendment
of the U.S. Constitution and statutory authority.
Officers must be able to articulate specific facts,
circumstances and conclusions which support
reasonable suspicion for an investigative detention
or traffic stop, or probable cause for arrest.
Officers shall not consider race, ethnicity,
national origin, religion, age, gender identity or
sexual orientation in establishing either reasonable
suspicion, probable cause, or as a basis for
requesting consent to search.